Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

~2,000 BC

Persian and Medes migrate into the Iranian plateau

2800 - 539

Elamite Kingdoms

689 destroys Babylon

639 Elam sacked by Assyrians

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2030 - 1640 Egypt Middle Kingdom

1570 - 1070

New Kingdom

1800 - 1100

Hittite Empire

2700 - 1450 Minoan Civilization

2600-1900

Harrapan Civilizatiomn

1000 BC

Assyrian inscriptions about Persians, earliest

 

 

 

1193 Troy sacked by Greeks

 

900

 

 

911 - 612

Neo-Assyrian Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

627 BC death of the last strong Assyrian ruler, Ashurbanipal

612

 

 

 

800 BC

Elam capital sacked

 

 

800 rise of Greek city States

 

700

728-559 Median Empire Founded

 

653 to 625 Scythian domination of Medes

 

612 Cyaxares with Neo-Babylonians

destroy Assyrian capital of Nineveh

559 End of Median Empire

 

 

776 First Olympic Games

 

600

 

 

 

 

 

 

626 - 539

Neo-Babylonian Empire

539

 

500

 

 

 

 

563 Buddha born

 

 

550 - 300 BC

Achaemenid Empire

539 Cyrus II the Great  conquers Babylon

525 Cambyses II

conquers Egypt

522 - 486 Darius I Height of Empire Persepolis built

490 Battle of Marathon

480 Battle of Thermopylae and Battle of Salamis

460 Age of Pericles

 

401-399 Xenophon and the march of the Ten Thousand

333 Battle of Issus

331 Battle of Gaugamela

300 Alexander destroys Persepolis

 

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

431-404

Peloponnesian War

300

 

 

 

 

 

323 Death of Alexander

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

322-185 BC

Maurya Empire

312 - 63 BC

Seleucid Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

63

 

200

 

 

 

305 - 30 BC

Ptolemaic Kingdom

 

 

 

 

250 - 226 AD

Parthian Empire

224 Battle of Hormizdgan

 

 

53 Battle of Carrhae

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

27-476 Roman Empire

 

44 Ceaser dies

 

 

 

216 Battle of Cannae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

476

 

60 - 375

Kushan Empire

 

 

 

100AD

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

 

226 - 651

Sassanid Empire

260 Battle of Edessa Emperor Valerian captured by Shapur I

 

613 Damascus captured

620s Byzantine emperor Heraclius inflicts major defeats on Khosrau II (Chosroes), both empire severely weakened

642 Defeat by Arab armies at Battle of Nihawand

651

240 - 550

Gupta Empire

 

 

550

300

330 - 1453

Byzantine Empire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1453

 

 

 

375

 

400

 

 

500

 

 

 

600

 

 

 

 

 

 

700

 

 

 

 

 

800

 

 

 

 

 

900

 

 

 

 

 

1000

 

 

 

 

 

1100

 

 

 

 

 

1200

 

 

1206 - 1368

Mongol Empire

 

 

1300

 

 

 

 

 

 

1400

 

 

 

 

 

 

1500

1500 - 1722

Safavid Dynasty

 

 

 

 

 

1600

 

 

 

 

 

 

1700